Cap: 3-10 cm broad. Conic to convex, expanding to broadly
quickly. Flat with age with a pronounced umbo, surface smooth, viscid
when moist, with a separate pellicle. Chestnut to caramel in color, bruising
blue to blue black when damaged.
Gills: Ascending, sinuate to adnate, brown. mottled, edges white.
Stem: 90-200 mm long x 3-6 mm thick, silky white, fibrous. Base of
stem thickening downwards, often curved.
Spores: 12-13.5 x 6.8µ.
Sporeprint: Dark purplish black.
Habitat: Caespitose to gregarious. Fruiting abundantly on deciduous woodchips,
sandy soils rich in lignicolous debris. Prefers alder chips and/or bark
mulch. Found in Gardens in parks and around homes and office buildings.
Distribution: Along the northern coast of Oregon in dune grasses (Epicenter is
located between Hammond/Astoria, Oregon. Grows inland towards the I-5 Corridor
between Eugene, Oregon up into the region of Puget Sound between the Olympic Range
in the west to the Cascades in the East. Then it appears sporadically in areas of
Seattle, Washington up to and including the Southern regions of Lower British Columbia
in the Vancouver Island area.
The species loves the Dune Grassy habitat of the Northeastern
region of Hammond/Astoria, Oregon and is also common in the late fall in mulched gardens with mixed
alder and other hard woods in parks, public gardens, and new mulched in areas in the PNW.
in mid-late November and December through January-February in
Season: September to December and into January. A cold weather species that fruits in the Seattle
area of the Puget Sound until late December or first snow, frost or freeze that last 1-3 days or extreme cold.
In the San Francisco Bay area to the Oregon borner it appears to fruit from late November until
Dosage: Extremely potent. 1 to 2 large mushrooms or 2 to 4 small specimens.
Comment: This species has been successfully transplanted into other
mulched areas with similar environments. In 1990, Jochen Gartz, after
two years of attempts to grow them outdoors in Leipzig, Germany, was finally
able to successfully cultivate a small patch of Psilocybe azurescens
(syn.=Psilocybe astoriensis) in his Leipzig home's back garden. They did not
return the following year, nor did they spread into other areas in or around his home in Leipzig,
Germany, so nothing evolved from his patches and after a few years, they eventually disappeared.
An annual addition of fresh similar wood chips could have kept those patches growing for years.
Eventually he even had numerous such patches planted at friends homes in their gardens as well
as several in public areas where other shrooms appear annually. Other cosmopolitan outdoor
habitats where chunks of Psilocybe azurescens mycelia had permeated jars of rye berry
seed incubated alder chip mulch bags from mycelia grown indoors and then transferred into
similar outdoor environments.
Patches were appearing in such major cities and countries,
including small patches in Rome, Italy; Vienna, Austria; Zurich and Bern, Switzerland; and in
several patches transferred from the garden mulch beds in the PNW in the United States into fall and winter
gardens in New Mexico, Ohio, Wisconsin, New York and Vermont.
Further experimental patches
were also discussed on many online mushroom cultivation websites. While this is a good mushroom
to transplant, after a few years the patches fruiting bodies began to vanish, eventually
completely dissipating until they fade away into obscurity as they slowly vanish from the
Earth and die off because all the nutrients in the soil and woodchips have been eaten up by the mycelia
as it feeds off the dying and decayed matter of the dead wood products consisting of twigs, stems, branches,
chips, sawdust and bark mulches.
Generally speaking, a normal patch if not re fertilized each season or
month will only fruit from one to three years. If perpetual lawn care is not too overtly costly for a business,
then certain species will return every month and year in the PNW. Some species such as those in
the 'blue ringer' family complex of the genus Psilocybe which includes such species as
Psilocybe stuntzii, Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata, Psilocybe fimetaria, and
Psilocybe sierrae may fruit all year long depending on the fall/winter/spring weather in the
Pacific Northwest and along the West Coast of California.
While in the South to Southeastern
and Central Eastern States such as Texas to Florida and North to South Carolina, Psilocybe
cubensis and several species of Copelandia (a most potent tropical and subtropical)
species with several binomials (8), thrives in the manure of most four-legged ruminants. They too
may grow all year long depending on warm weather and warm rainfalls. However,
for some reason or other in regards to natural outdoor transplanted patches of Psilocybe azurescens,
no other outdoor natural patches ever spread or expanded or even have occurred as a result from the
transplanting of such patches with mycelia from their natural Oregon coastal area habitats into newer regions.
In fact, it has been noted that those transplants of Psilocybe azurescens no longer grow in the
locations noted in Paul Stamet's, "Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World."