Revised January 8, 2005; October 14, 2007 and April 4th, 2013.
Copyright 1998-2013 by John W. Allen.

Panaeolus africanus


Cap: 1.5-2 cm broad. Obtusely conic, hemispherical and rarely broad in age. Cap becomes pitted and wrinkle with age cracking to fornm scales. Viscid when moist, especially in young speimens. Grayish creamy white and grey-brown in age. Incuved margin in young specimens, often irregular and non-translucent. Flesh is greyish-white.

Gills:Adnate to adnexed, and sometimes sinuate, rarely subdecurrent and widely spaced., greyish at first and then soon becoming black to blackish and mottled as spores mature.

Stem:30-50 mm by 4-6 mm thick. Equal and firm as well as pruinose towards the apex. White with pinkish tones, generally lighter than the cap and no veil remnants present.

Spores:11.5-14.5 x 7.9-10. Lemon shaped and often variable.

Sporeprint:Black in deposit.

Habitat:Found on hippopotamus and elephant dung.

Distribution:Central Africa to the Southern Regions of the Sudan.

Season:In the spring or during the rainy seasons.

Dosage:According to French-Canadian mycologist G-M. Ola'h of the Universite Laval in Quebec, Canada reported that this species is weakly active.

Comment:This species macroscopically resembles the non-psychoactive species, Panaeolus antillarum. Accodring to Paul Stamets, he found one small collection of this species at the Seattle, Washington Zoo in elephant dung.

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