Revised May 1, 2002 and updated September 1, 2007
Copyright 1998-2001 by John W. Allen



An Updated List of the Known Species of Psilocybian Mushrooms

 
BASIDIOMYCOTINA
Agaricales

Plutaceae
Pluteus Species
1. Pluteus atricapillus (Secr.) Singer [= P. cervinus (Schaeffer) P. Kumm.] [Orton, 1986, discussed this synonymy and concluded that the true name is P. cervinus because the epithet Agaricus atricapillus Batsch is debatable and uncertain. Singer (1986) introduced the name P. atricapillus (Secr.) Singer, but as Secretan's work has been declared invalid, this interpretation is not consider any more]
2. Pluteus cyanopus Quél.
3. Pluteus glaucus Singer
4. Pluteus nigriviridis Babos
5. Pluteus salicinus (Pers. : Fr.) P. Kumm.
6. Pluteus villosus (Bull.) Quél.

Coprinaceae
Copelandia Species [revised by Gerhardt in 1996]
7. Copelandia affinis Horak [= Panaeolus affinis (Horak) Ew. Gerhardt]
8. Copelandia bispora (Malençon & Bertault) Singer & R.A. Weeks [= C. papilionacea var. bispora Malençon & Bertault; Panaeolus cyanescens var. bisporus (Malençon & Bertault) G. Moreno & Esteve-Ravis.; P. bisporus (Malençon & Bertault) Ew. Gerhardt]
9. Copelandia cambodginiensis (Ola'h & R. Heim) Singer & R.A. Weeks (= Panaeolus cambodginiensis Ola'h & R. Heim)
10. Copelandia chlorocystis Singer & R.A. Weeks [= Panaeolus chlorocystis (Singer & R.W. Weeks) Ew. Gerhardt]
11. Copelandia cyanescens (Berk. & Broome) Singer [= Panaeolus cyanescens (Berk. & Broome) Sacc.; P. papilionaceus sensu Bres.) (see Copelandia westii)
12. Copelandia lentisporus (Ew. Gerhardt) Guzmán (= Panaeolus lentisporus Ew. Gerhardt) 17. Copelandia mexicana Guzmán (about Gerhardt, 1996, this a nom. excl.)
13. Copelandia tirunelveliensis Natarajan & Raman [= Panaeolus tirunelveliensis (Natarajan & Raman) Ew. Gerhard]
14. Copelandia tropicalis (Ola'h) Singer & R.A. Weeks (= Panaeolus tropicalis Ola'h

Panaeolus Species
15. Panaeolus africanus Ola'h
16. Panaeolus castaneifolius (Murrill) A.H. Sm. (= ? P. olivaceus F. H. Mřller; Panaeolina castaneifolia (Murrill) Bon; P. castaneifolia (Murrill) Ew. Gerhardt, this latest seems the true name, see Gerhardt, 1996)
17. Panaeolus microsporus Ola'h & Cailleux
18. Panaeolus olivaceus F.H. Mřller (it is sometimes confused as a synonym of P. castaneifolius, see that)
19. Panaeolus papilionaceus (Fr.) Quél. var. papilionaceus sensu auct. non s. Ew. Gerhardt [= P. campanulatus (L. : Fr.) Quél.]
20. Panaeolus retirugis (Fr.) Quél.
21. Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Broome) Sacc. (= P. venenosus Murrill)[Now known as Panaeolus cinctulus ci

Bolbitiaceae
Agrocybe Species
22. Agrocybe farinacea Hongo

Conocybe Species
23. Conocybe cyanopus (G.F. Atk.) Kühner [= Pholiotina "Galera" cyanopus G.F. Atk.; Ph. cyanopoda (G.F. Atk.) Singer; Galerula cyanopus G.F. Atk.]
24. Conocybe kuehneriana Singer
25. Conocybe siligineoides R. Heim
26. Conocybe smithii Watling (= Galerula cyanopes Kauffman)

Strophariaceae
Hypholoma Species
27. Hypholoma gigaspora (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán [= Psilocybe gigaspora Natarajan & Raman; Naematoloma gigaspora (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán]
28. Hypholoma guzmanii (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán [= Psilocybe guzmanii Natarajan & Raman; Naematoloma guzmanii (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán]
29. Hypholoma naematoliformis (Guzmán) Guzmán [= Psilocybe naematoliformis Guzmán; Naematoloma naematoliformis (Guzmán) Guzmán]
30. Hypholoma neocaledonica (Guzmán & Hora) Guzmán [= Psilocybe neocaledonica Guzmán & Hora; Naematoloma neocaledonica (Guzmán & Hora) Guzmán]
31. Hypholoma popperianum (Singer) Guzmán (= Naemaotoloma popperianum Singer)
32. Hypholoma rhombispora (Guzmán) Guzmán (= Naematoloma rhombispora Guzmán)

Psilocybe Species
33. Psilocybe acutipilea (Speg.) Guzmán
34.P. alutacea W. S. Chang and A. K. Mills.
35. P. angustipleurocystidiata Guzmán
36. P. antioquensis Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
37. P. aquamarina (Pegler) Guzmán (= Stropharia aquamarina Pegler)
38. P. arcana Borovicka et Hlavácek sp. nov.
39. P. argentipes K. Yokoy.
40. P. armandii Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
41. P. aucklandii Guzmán, C.C. King & Bandala
42. P. australiana Guzmán & Watling
43. P. aztecorum R. Heim emend. Guzmán var. aztecorum
44. P. aztecorum var. bonetii (Guzmán) Guzmán (= P. bonetii Guzmán)
45. P. azurescens Stamets & Gartz
46. P. baeocystis Singer & A.H. Sm. emend. Guzmán
47. P. banderiliensis Guzmán
48. P. barrerae Cifuentes & Guzmán emend. Guzmán, 1999
49. P. bohemica Sebek (= P. coprinifacies s. Herink, non s. Krieglsteiner)
50. P. brasiliensis Guzmán
51. P. brunneocystidiata Guzmán & Horak
52.P. cabiensis Guzman, Torres et Ramirez-Guillen, sp. nov.
53. P. caeruleoannulata Singer ex Guzmán
54. P. caerulescens Murrill var. caerulescens (= P. caerulescens var. albida R. Heim; P. caerulescens var. mazatecorum R. Heim; P. mazatecorum R. Heim; P. caerulescens var. nigripes R. Heim)
55. P. caerulescens var. ombrophila (R. Heim) Guzmán (= P. caerulescens var. mazatecorum P. ombrophila R. Heim; P. mixaeensis R. Heim)
56. P. caerulipes (Peck) Sacc.
72. P. carbonaria Singer
57.P. caribaea Guzman, T. J. Baroni& Tapia, sp. nov.
58.P. chaconii Guzman, Escolona et Ramirez-Guillen.
59. P. chiapanensis Guzmán
60. P. collybioides Singer & A.H. Sm.
61. P. columbiana Guzmán
62. P. coprinifacies (Rolland) Pouzar s. auct., non s. Herink, non s. Krieglsteiner) (see discussion)
63. P. cordispora R. Heim
64. P. cubensis (Earle) Singer [= Stropharia cubensis Earle; P. cubensis var. caerulescens (Murrill) Singer & A.H. Sm.; Stropharia subcyanescens Rick; S. cyanescens Murrill; S. caerulescens (Pat.) Singer]
65. P. cyanescens Wakef. (non sensu Krieglsteiner)
66. P. cyanofibrillosa Guzmán & Stamets
67. P. dumontii Singer ex Guzmán
68. P. eucalypta Guzmán & Watling
69. P. fagicola R. Heim & Cailleux var. fagicola
70. P. fagicola R. Heim var. mesocystidiata Guzmán
71. P. farinacea Rick ex Guzmán [= P. albofimbriata (Rick) Singer]
72. P. fimetaria (P.D. Orton) Watling [= P. caesieannulata Singer; Stropharia fimetaria P.D. Orton]
73. P. fuliginosa (Murrill) A.H. Sm.
74. P. furtadoana Guzmán
75.P. galaeciae Guzman and M. L. Castro.
76. P. galindoi Guzmán (= P. galindii Guzmán)
77. P. goniospora (Berk. & Broome) Singer [= P. lonchophora (Berk. Broome) Horak ex Guzmán] 91. P. graveolens Peck
78. P. guatapensis Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
79. P. guilartensis Guzmán, Tapia & Nieves-Rivera
80. P. heimii Guzmán
81. P. heliconiae Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
82. P. herrerae Guzmán
83. P. hispanica Guzmán
84. P. hoogshagenii R. Heim var. hoogshagenii (= P. caerulipes var. gastonii Singer; P. zapotecorum R. Heim s. Singer)
85. P. hoogshagenii R. Heim var. convexa Guzmán (= P. semperviva R. Heim & Cailleux)
86. P. inconspicua Guzmán & Horak
87. P. indica Sathe & J.T. Daniel
88. P. isabelae Guzmán
89. P. jacobsii Guzmán
90. P. jaliscana Guzmán
91. P. karalensis sp. nov.
92. P. kumaenorum R. Heim
93. P. laurae Guzmán
94. P. lazoi Singer [this is a doubtful neurotropic species, considered first by Guzmán (1983) as a synonym of P. zapotecorum, but Singer, 1986, claimed that this is a not bluing fungus independent of that of Guzmán, 1983]
95. P. liniformans Guzmán & Bas var. liniformans
96. P. liniformans var. americana Guzmán & Stamets
97. P. mairei Singer [= Hypholoma cyanescens Maire; Geophila cyanescens (Maire) Kühner & Romagn.; non Psilocybe cyanescens s. Krieglsteiner]
98. P. makarorae Johnst. & Buchanan
99. P. mammillata (Murrill) A.H. Sm.
100. P. meridensis Guzmán
101. P. mesophylla Guzman, Jacobs et Escalona, sp. nov.
102. P. mexicana R. Heim
103. P. moseri Guzmán
104. P. muliercula Singer & A.H. Sm. (= P. wassonii R. Heim)
105. P. natalensis Gartz, Reid, Smith & Eicker
106. P. natarajanii Guzmán [= P. aztecorum var. bonetii (Guzmán) Guzmán s. Natarajan & Raman]
107. P. oaxacana Guzman, Escalona et Jacobs, sp. nov.
108. P. ochreata (Berk. & Broome) Horak ex Guzmán
109. P. ovoideocystidiata Guzmán et Gaines.
110. P. papuana Guzmán & Horak
111. P. paulensis (Guzmán & Bononi) Guzmán (= P. banderiliensis var. paulensis Guzmán & Bononi)
112. P. pelliculosa (A.H. Sm.) Singer & A.H. Sm.
113. P. pericystis Singer
114. P. pileocystidiata Guzman et Ramirez-Guillen.
115. P. pintonii Guzmán
116. P. pleurocystidiosa Guzmán
117. P. plutonia (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc.
118. P. portoricensis Guzmán, Tapia & Nieves-Rivera
119. P. pseudoaztecorum Natarajan & Raman (= P. aztecorum var. azte-corum sensu Natarajan & Raman; "P. subaztecorum" Guzmán, 1995)
121. P. puberula Bas & Noordel.
122. P. quebecensis Ola'h & R. Heim
123. P. ramulosa (Guzmán & Bononi) Guzmán (= P. zapotecorum var. ramulosum Guzmán & Bononi)
124. P. rostrata (Petch) Pegler
125. P. rzedowskii Guzmán
126. P. samuiensis Guzmán, Bandala & Allen
127. P. sanctorum Guzmán
128. P. schultesii Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
129. P. semiinconspicua Guzmán et Trappe.
130. P. semilanceata (Fr. : Secr.) P. Kumm. [= P. semilanceata var. caerulescens (Cooke) Sacc.: P. cookei Singer; non P. callosa (Fr. : Fr.) Quél., which is P. strictipes Singer & A.H. Sm.]
131. P. singularis Guzman, Escalona et Jacobs, sp. nov.
132. P. septentrionalis (Guzmán) Guzmán (= P. subaeriginascens Höhn. var. septentrionalis Guzmán)
133. P. serbica Moser & Horak (non ss. Krieglsteiner)
134. P. sierrae Singer (= P. subfimetaria Guzmán & A.H. Sm.)
135. P. silvatica (Peck) Singer & A.H. Sm.
136. P. singerii Guzmán
137. P. strictipes Singer & A.H. Sm. [= P. callosa (Fr. : Fr.) Quél. s. Guzmán, 1983; P. semilanceata var. obtusa Bon; P. semilanceata var. microspora Singer ?]
138. P. stuntzii Guzman & Ott
139. P. subacutipilea Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez 140. P. subaeruginascens Höhn. var. subaeruginascens [= P. aerugineo-maculans (Höhn.) Singer & A.H. Sm.]
141. P. subaeruginosa Cleland
142. P. subcaerulipes Hongo
143. P. subcubensis Guzmán
144. P. subhoogshagenii Guzman, Torres et Ramirex-Guillen, sp. nov.
145. P. subtropicalis Guzmán
146. P. subyungensis Guzmán
147. P. subzapotecorum Guzmán
148. P. tampanensis Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
149. P. tasmaniana Guzmán & Watling
150. P. uruguayensis Singer ex Guzmán
151. P. uxpanapensis Guzmán
152. P. venenata (S. Imai) Imaz. & Hongo (= P. fasciata Hongo; Stropharia caerulescens S. Imai)
153. P. veraecrucis Guzmán & Pérez-Ortiz
154. P. villarrealiae Guzmán
155. P. wassoniorum Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
156. P. wayanadensis sp. nov.
157. P. weilii Guzmán, Tapia & Stamets
158. P. weldenii Guzmán
159. P. wrightii Guzmán
160. P. xalapensis Guzmán & A. López
161. P. yungensis Singer & A.H. Sm. (= P. yungensis var. diconica Singer & A.H. Sm.; P. yungensis var. acutopapillata Singer & A.H. Sm.; P. isaurii Singer; P. acutissima R. Heim)
162. Psilocybe zapotecoantillarum Guzman, Baroni & Lodge.
163. Psilocybe zapotecocaribaea Guzman, Ramirex-Guillen and T.P. Tapia, sp. nov.
164. P. zapotecorum R. Heim emend. Guzmán (= P. aggericola Singer & A.H. Sm.)

Cortinariaceae
Galerina Species

165. Galerina steglichii Besl

Gymnopilus Species

166. Gymnopilus aeruginosus (Peck) Singer
167. G. braendlei (Peck) Hesler
168. G. intermedius (Singer) Singer
169. G. lateritius (Pat.) Murrill
170. G. liquiritiae (Fr.) P. Karst.
171. G. luteofolius (Peck) Singer
172. G. luteoviridis Thiers
173. G. luteus (Peck) Hesler
174. G. purpuratus (Cooke & Massee) Singer
175. G. sapineus (Fr.) Maire (= Pholiota sapinea s. auct.)
176. G. spectabilis (Fr.) A.H. Sm. [= G. spectabilis (Fr.) Singer; Pholiota spectabilis Fr.; Gymnopilus junonius (Fr.) P.D. Orton; G. spectabilis var. junonia (Fr.) J.E. Lange; Pholiota junonia (Fr.) P. Karst.; Ph. spectabilis var. junonia (Fr.) J.E. Lange] (G. junonius seems to be the true name)
177. G. subpurpuratus Guzmán-Davalos & Guzmán]
178. G. validipes (Peck) Hesler
179. G. viridans Murrill

Inocybe Species

180. Inocybe aeruginascens Babos
181. Inocybe coelestium Kuyper
182. Inocybe corydalina Quél. var. corydalina
183. Inocybe corydalina var. erinaceomorpha (Stangl & J. Veselsky´) Kuyper
184. Inocybe haemacta (Berk. & Cooke) Sacc.
185. Inocybe tricolor Kühner

Return to Field Guide and Species Index
Return to Main Index