Revised January 18, 2005, October 10, 2007 and March 25, 2013.
Copyright 1998-2013 by John W. Allen


Copelandia bispora (Malenšon and Bertault) Singer and R. A. Weeks
(syn=Panaeolus bisporus (Malenšon and Bertault) Gerhardt


Cap: 15-28 mm, semiglobate, campanulate to convex, hardly expanding, margin often torn and pedaled, smooth not viscid, and slightly wrinkled and pitted with age. Dark grey-brown drying whitish.

Gills:ventricose-adnate, 5 mm broad, crowded and grey to olivaceous black with distinct white edges.

Stem:4-6.5 cm x 2-3 mm, cylindrical, fistulose and punctate-pruinose from apex to 1/3 towards base, downwards slightly fibrillose, reddish-brown and greyish. bluish at base.

Spores:12-14 x 8-10 x 6-7.5 microns. elliptical.

Sporeprint: Black with white edges.

Habitat:preferably the dung of buffalo and cattle, sometimes in manured soil, but rare. Originally only know of from Morocco, Africa and then from Hawaii, a recent discovery of this mushroom in abundance appeared in a lawn of a Churchyard of Belp near Bern, Switzerland. Additionally, it has also once reported from spain.

Distribution: North Africa and Hawaii, Spain and Switzerland.

Season: During and after rainy periods.

Dosage: 4 to 7 to 10 fresh mushrooms, 1-2 dried grams.

Comment: Common on Oahu at Kualoa Ranch and at pastures on Oahu's North Shore.

Copelandia bisporus Gallery
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