Revised May 1, 2002; April 1, 2007; August 29, 2007; June 13, 2009; May 14, 2013; July 5, 2013; November 23, 2013; September 2, 2016; and April 20, 2017.
Copyright 1998-2017 by John W. Allen.



A BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN W. ALLEN


CLICK ON EACH IMAGE TO ENLARGE




(Fig. 1) Author John W. Allen and his friend the Tiger, Thailand, 2005.



 
During the Past 36 years, North American Ethnomycologist John W. Allen has studied, collected and photographed entheogenic (‘magic') mushrooms from various countries (i.e., North, Central America, Australia and New Zealand, Bali, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam). Additionally Mr. Allen has also photographed mushrooms in some European countries.




(Fig. 2) Author Andrew Weil and John W. Allen, Drug Awareness Week, University of Hawaii, 1988.


 
Mr. Allen is also the author of 11 books including Magic Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest [First published in July 1976 and became Out of Print in October 2011. In 1997, 12 colored photographs were added to the centerfold of the field guide. By November of 2007, this small field guide had sold more than 103,000 copies]. Even more were sold between 2008-2011. The second field guide went from poster to packets of identification cards and then into a ringlet binder. That was the Safe-Pik Mushroom Identification Guide, long out of print since 1985. Dr. Andrew Weil wrote the forward (see above photograph for the field guide. This latter publication is currently available on the Internet web-site at http://erowid.org




(Fig. 3) Timothy Leary and John W. Allen, Gathering of the Minds Symposium. Chapman University, April, 1994.


 
Additionally, Mr. Allen also published a mushroom poisoning Identification Poster and is the author of the new journal series Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies (Vol. I., María Sabina: Saint Mother of the Sacred Mushrooms; Vol. II., Wasson’s First Voyage: The Rediscovery of the Sacred Mushrooms; Vol. III., Teonanácatl: Ancient and Contemporary Shamanic Mushroom Names of Mesoamerica and Other Regions of the World. Vol. IV., Magic Mushrooms of the Hawaiian Islands; Vol. V., Psilocybian Mushroom Cultivation: A Brief History Regarding the Cultivation, Use and Marketing of Psilocybian Fungi, edited by ethnopharmacognost Jonathan Ott who also wrote a promo for the book co-authored by Jochen Gartz; Vol. VI., with Jochen Gartz, Magic Mushrooms In Some Third World Countries; Volume VII., Mushroom Pioneers: R. Gordon Wasson, Richard Evans Schultes, Albert Hofmann, Timothy Francis Leary and Others, also edited by Jonathan Ott. Both are available online at Mushroom John's Tales Of The Shroom and at Erowid




(Fig. 4) Author Terence McKenna and John W. Allen, Aro-Space, Seattle, Wa., April 27, 1999.


 
Mr. Allen was hired as a Research Associate to Dr. Mark D. Merlin of the University of Hawaii where he worked along with Dr. Merlin as a researcher and presented several lectures on entheogenic mushroom use for Dr. Merlin’s Biology 440 [Psychoactive Drug Plants] class. Mr. Allen was also helped Dr. Merlin’s rewrite the first draft for the re-issue and new edition of his book "Man and Marijuana: A History of Hemp." The new title and co-author read as Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany by Robert C. Clark and Mark D. Merlin. 17 years since I stopped my work on it and it was then shelved for 17-years. Mr. Allen also wrote and edited two chapters on the many uses, descriptions and distribution of plants on Chuuk and Yap Islands in Micronesia, as well as rewriting to computer one of Dr. Merlin's many plant field guides for Hawaii.




(Fig. 5) John W. Allen and R. Gordon Wasson, San Francisco, October, 1978.


 
Over the past 25 years, Mr. Allen has taken mushroom classes at several schools and Universities and has received degrees from Seattle Community College in mycology and has a degree in graphic arts from the Washington Technical Institute and has presented lectures at numerous mushroom symposiums at Breittenbush, Oregon; Chapman University, Orange Country, California; Myco-media conferences at Orcas Island in Washington State, Botanical Preservation Corp Conference on Maui, Hawaii; Southeast Asian Conference on Biodiversity and Bioactivity in Hua Hin, Thailand; Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand; the Kokopeli Smart Shop in Amsterdam, Holland. Furthermore Mr. Allen has presented numerous lectures at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and has conducted private psychoactive mushroom Identification workshops and seminars.




(Fig. 6) John W. Allen, Jonathan Ott and Paul Stamets, Psychoactivity 1999, Amsterdam.


 
Mr. Allen has also published numerous papers in such prestigious journals as The Journal of Ethnopharmacology (3 articles); The Journal of Psychoactive Drugs (2 articles); Integration: The Journal of Mind Moving Plants and Kultur (in German and English, 3 articles); The Yearbook for Ethnomedicine and the Study of Consciousness (in German and English, 2 articles); Anali dei Civeci Musei, Rovereto (1 article, Italian Journal); The Boston Mycological Society Newsletter (1 article); The Hawaiian Botanical Society Newsletter (1 article); High Times Magazine (1 Article); Psychedelic Illuminations (4 articles); TRP: The Resonance Project (1 article).




(Fig. 7) John W. Allen, Sasha Shulgin and Jochen Gartz, Chapman University, 1994.


 
Mr. Allen also has contributed a large volume, "Magic Mushrooms of Australia and New Zealand (over 45 photographs in color)" and in 1999, published a short essay on overdose caused by Psilocybe cyanescens Wakefield. Originally published as a short page for the Spirit Plants website (now defunct), it was then republished in the Psychoactivity Conference Anthology in Christian Rästch's last issue of his journal, Yearbook for Ethnomedicine and the Study of Consciousness as "A Dysphoric Reactions to Psilocybe cyanescens.




(Fig. 8) Kama Sutra Mind Meld. Graphic Design by John W. Allen.


 
Mr. Allen also co-authored an extensive coverage of the known species of entheogenic mushrooms with Dr. Gastón Guzmán and Jochen Gartz, "A Worldwide Geographical Distribution of the Neurotropic Fungi, An Analysis and Discussion." This paper includes a list of over 214 species of mind-altering mushrooms of which 170 contain the alkaloids psilocine and psilocybine. The article also provides a state by state and country by country listing of the locations of the various species described in this paper (over 60 photo images are presented. Furthermore, more than 300 references are provided.




(Fig. 9) An image of John W. Allen with mushrooms on his mind, circa 1998.


 
Mr. Allen also along with Dr. Jochen Gartz as 2nd author and a forward by Jonathan Ott) Teonanácatl: A Bibliography of Entheogenic Fungi. At the time of publication in 2000, this scholarly research volume covered only approximately 1400 references and 700 annotations 4,000 cross-references with 400 photographs, each enlarge to 7-8 inches in height. After no contributions by Dr. Gartz in updating the data in this program, John W. Allen then between 2005, 2007, 2010 and December of 2012 brought this comprehensive bibliography currently up to 3000 references, 2306 annotations, mostly for psilocybian fungi, including 354 on Amanita species related to the Soma complex. Now there are an additional total count of more than 10,000 cross-references to the software and also new articles and never before seen photo pictorials from Conferences over the years as well as pictorials of the cultivated mushrooms of the Nederland. Furthermore there are more than 1600 colored photographs featured on the CD-ROM.




(Fig. 10) Author John W. Allen, age 4, circa October 1946.



(Fig. 11) John W. Allen, Hans van den Hurk and Albert Hofmann. Amsterdam, 1998.


(Fig. 12) Psilocybe allenii was recently named in honor of John W. Allen.

A Bibliography of John W. Allen

 

Allen, John W. (Pseud. Mushroom John). 1976. Magic Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest. 24p. 16 photographs. Psilly Publications (the Mushroom Factory). Seattle, Washington. July.
An early guide to several varieties of psilocybian fungi common in the Pacific Northwest United States and British Colombia, Canada. This guide contained several errors because the author relied on mis-information supplied by other people , some of whom were experts in the field of mycology. A 3rd and 4th edition was published in June 1997 with 22 black and white photographs and a separate colored edition (5th printing) contained 12 colored photographs. A 5th edition appeared in August 1997 (36p, 36 black and white photographs and 12 in color as well as a black and white 24 page edition which was published simultaneously. By the summer of 2006, this book had sold over 100,000 copies.

Allen, John W. 1978. Safe-Pik Hallucinogenic Mushroom Identification Medical Poster. Frank and Cheeri Rinaldo, Publ. Seattle, Washington. October.
A poster of 80 colored photographs of several of the common psilocybian mushroom species found in the Pacific Northwest United States, including 10 poisonous look-alikes. Each photograph provides a description of the species described.

Allen, John W. 1979. Safe-Pik Mushroom Identification Cards. Frank and Cheeri Rinaldo, Publishers. Seattle, Washington.
A series of 80 mushroom identification cards for psilocybian and toxic fungi found in the Pacific Northwest United States.
Series A-1:Psilocybe baeocystis. 10 colored photographs.
Series B-1:Psilocybe cyanescens. 10 colored photographs.
Series C-1:Psilocybe semilanceata. 10 colored photographs.
Series D-1:Psilocybe stuntzii. 10 colored photographs.
Series E-1:Psilocybe pelliculosa. 10 colored photographs.
Series F-1:Assorted species. 10 colored photographs.
Series G-1:Panaeolus Sp. 2 varieties. 10 colored photographs.
Series H-1:Poisonous look-alikes. 10 colored photographs.


Allen, John W. 1980 [1978]. Safe-Pik Mushroom Identification Guide. Introduction by Andrew Weil. 80 colored photographs. Frank and Cheeri Rinaldo, Publishers. Seattle, Washington.
A small pocket guide made from the above mentioned medical poster. Now available online at http://erowid.org.

Allen, John W.. 1987. Wasson's first voyage. High Times vol. 146:40-41, 68. Trans High Corp., New York.
A vivid written detailed account of R. Gordon Wasson and Alan Richardson's mushroom trip with María Sabina. See Allen, 1997b.

Allen, John W. 1988. A private inquiry into the strange circumstances surrounding the 1972 death of John Gomilla Jr., who died after allegedly consuming ten 'Magic Mushrooms' while residing in Hawaii. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs vol. 20(4):456-459.
A false report by Honolulu newspapers regarding a young adult who died after allegedly consuming ten specimens of Copelandia cyanescens in Hawaii. Also an appended version appeared in Steven Peele's The Mushroom Journal vol. 13. 1991.

Allen, John W. 1991. Commercial activities related to psychoactive fungi use in Thailand. Boston Mycological Club News Bulletin vol. 46(1):11-14.
A short note on the sale of mushroom motif related items in Thailand.

Allen, John W. 1993a. Mushrooms in Paradise: Hawaiian Style. In: Jochen Gartz' Narrenschwämme: Foolish Mushroom Psychotrope Pilze in Europa). Herausforderung an Forschung und Wertsystem. Editions Heuwinkel.
An excerpt of the authors personal experience under the influence of Copelandia cyanescens in the Hawaiian Islands. From an unpublished manuscript. Complete article is now available online at http://mushroomjohn.org/hawaii4.htm. See Allen 1994a. In German.

Allen, John W. 1993b. Iconae Plantarum Inebriantium II. Photographs by John W. Allen. Integration: The Journal for Mind-Moving Plants and Culture vol. 4:81-87.
Seven full paged colored photographs of entheogenic fungi (P. samuiensis, P. liniformans var. americana, P. cyanescens, P. stuntzii, P. baeocystis, Copelandia cyanescens and C. cambodgeniensis).

------. 1994a. Copelandia and other psychoactive fungi in Hawai'i. Psychedelic Illuminations vol. 1(4):61.
A special edited version.

------. 1994b. A short note on the home cultivation of Panaeolus subbalteatus. Psychedelic Illuminations vol. 5:32-33.
Describes an easy method for the outdoor propagation of Panaeolus subbalteatus.

------. 1994c. Close encounters of the Panaeolus kind. Psychedelic Illuminations vol. 5:58-62.
Five personal experiences by the author on the collection and identification of Panaeolus subbalteatus in Oregon and Washington, United States.

------. 1994d. Chasing the ghost of María Sabina: Saint mother of the sacred mushrooms. Psychedelic Illuminations vol. 1(6):26-31.
A Brief biography of Dona María Sabina. Excerpted from Allen and Merlin's Spring Time Magic: A History of Entheogenic Mushrooms (unpublished manuscript). Allen also wrote a short paragraph on Salvia divinorum and the sacred morning glory seeds on page 28 entitled "Mazatec Magic." A photograph of the author can also be found in this issue.

------. 1994e. Mushrooms in paradise: Hawaiian style.
A first hand account describing the entheogenic effects of 20 specimens of Copelandia cyanescens collected and consumed on Maui, Hawai'i in 1986. Unpublished manuscript. Online at http://mushroomjohn.org/hawaii4.htm.

------. 1997a. Magic Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest. Psilly Publications. Seattle, Washington. 28p.
First and second edition were originally published in 1976. This new revised edition of this field guide has been published in 2 editions. A $7.95 edition (1000 limited) with 22 black and white photographs and a $12.00 colored version (24 pages) with 12 colored photographs in the centerfold. A fifth edition was published in August 1997. 36p. 37 black and white and 12 photographs in color. A sixth edition is now available from Raver Books, Seattle, Washington.

Allen, John W. 1997b. Maria Sabina: Saint Mother of the Sacred Mushrooms. Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. I:1-28. Psilly Publications and RaverBooks. Seattle.
An expanded biography of María Sabina based on Allen, 1994d.

Allen, John W. 1997c. Wasson's First Voyage: The Rediscovery of Entheogenic Mushrooms. Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. II:1-30. Psilly Publications and RaverBooks. Seattle.
An expanded version of Allen's 1988 High Times magazine article.

Allen, John W. 1997d. Teonanácatl: Ancient and Contemporary Shamanic Mushroom Names of Mesoamerica and Other Regions of the World. Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. III:1-48. Psilly Publ. and RaverBooks. Seattle.
A compilation of Nahuatl, Spanish and Mexican epithets for entheogenic mushroom species of the Americas. Current names for recreational species are described as well as other world wide local and historical names. Available at Ancient Shamanic Mushroom Names.. For additional listing of more than 5,500 names of 1,750 species, see: Guzmán's , 1997 book, Los Nombres de Los Hongos y lo Relacionado con ellos en América Latina. (Introdución a la Etnomicobiota y Micología aplicada de la Región. Sinonimia Vulgar y Científica).

Allen, John W. 1998. Magic Mushrooms of the Hawaiian Islands. Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. IV:1-52. Psilly Publ. and RaverBooks. Seattle.
A history of the identification and use of entheogenic mushrooms in the Hawaiian Islands. A full page of color and numerous black and white photographs accompany this booklet. Extended version, different from the published article that is available for viewing at Species Identification of Psychoactive Mushrooms in the Hawaiian Islands.

Allen, John W. 1999. A Dysphoric Reaction to Psilocybe cyanescens. First published on the Internet at the Spiritplants website, a longer version was then published in Vol 6 of The Yearbook for Ethnomedicine and the Study of Consciousness 1999.
Basically, this is a collective anthology of the lectures presented at the 1989 Psychoactivity Conference in Amsterdam at the Tropen Museum. Also available for reading at A Dysphoric Reaction to Psilocybe cyanescens.

Allen, John W. 2000. Magic Mushrooms of Australia and New Zealand. With 45 colored photographs of Australian and New Zealand Species posted online at erowid.org

Allen, John W. 2005 [2001]. Mushroom Pioneers: R. Gordon Wasson, Richard Evans Schultes, Albert Hofmann, Timothy Francis Leary and Others. Ethnomycological Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. VII.
This is only available online at Erowid at this URL Mushroom Pioneers
and at Mushroom John's Shroom World: Tales of the Shrooms at this URL: Mushroom Pioneers
. First published as a CD-ROM in 2001, it was revised in 2005, increasing the pages to 219 and with more than 225 colored photographs.

Allen, John W. 2006a. The Aztecs and the Sacred Mushrooms Part I. Shroomtalk Magazine vol.1 (1):10.
Excerpts from Maria Sabina: Saint Mother of the Sacred Mushrooms: In Allen, John W. 2005. Mushroom Pioneers. Revised Edition. Now available at erowid.org and at Mushroom John's Tales of the Shrooms: The Aztecs and the Sacred Mushrooms. Shroomtalk Magazine never published Part 2.

Allen, John W. 2006b. An Updated List of the Neurotropic Fungi. Shroomtalk Magazine vol.1 (1):30-31.
A new listing of the known species of psilocybian fungi in Canada and the United States of America.

Allen, John W. 2006c. Mushroom John in Hawaii. Shroomtalk Magazine vol.1 (3):6-7, 10.
A reprint with photos by the author of his online article on hunting Copelandia cyanescens on Maui (Allen, 1994e), Mushrooms in Paradise: Hawaiian Style. For full article and newer photographs see: Mushrooms in Paradise: Hawaiian Style.

Allen, John W. 2007. Fresh Mushrooms: A tour of the world's largest producer of Magic Mushrooms. Heads Online, vol. 7(5):32-36.
A pictorial of Fresh Mushrooms of Tiel, Nederland. The world's finest producers of Psilocybe cubensis (two races, Psilocybe Columbian and Psilocybe Philipine Sic! [Philippine]), Copelandia cyanescens, Panaeolus subbalteatus, and the sclerotia (truffles) of Psilocybe mexicana and Psilocybe tampanensis. Online at http://www.headsmagazine.com and at Fresh Mushrooms of Tiel.

Allen, John W. 2008a. Psilocybe caerulipes vs. Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata. "Teonanacatl": The International Journal of Psychoactive Mushrooms vol. 24:9-14. May. FMRC. Pensacola, Florida.
In which the author describes how the University of Michigan and it's herbarium staff first approved a loan of a small collection of Psilocybe caerulipes to the author for comparative chemical and DNA analysis with that of Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata, a species which macroscopically resembles Psilocybe caerulipes. After the author was promised a loan of these specimens, it took the University of Michigan's Herbarium staff close to a year to send a letter of denial to Mr. Allen. Approval was first promised in May of 2007 by Patricia Rogers, MICH Fungus and Lichen Collections and then after several communications between the author and the University of Michigan's Herbarium Department, both Dr. Paul E. Berry and Dr. Richard K. Rabeler, in April of 2008, without any reason, denied the authors permission to complete their research for a major paper. This issue of Teo also presents a photographic tribute to Albert Hofmann with John Allen and Hans van den Hurk from a European Journal.

Allen, John W. 2008b. A review of Andy Letcher's Book, Shrooms: A Cultural History. "Teonanacatl": The International Journal of Psychoactive Mushrooms vol. 25:3-17. August.
In which the author debunks Letcher's book "Shrooms," as historically inaccurate, and rather badly researched with many instances of unfounded statements and references of statements which never occurred. Apparently many other mycologists and ethnomycologists have also found fault in the accuracy and chronological history as presented by this author and do not recommend this book to be taken seriously. At the same time American reviewers have debunked the book> Although the book has been well received in the European press. There is a prologue and an afterthought to this page which actually adds a few extra pages to the account of this review.

Allen, John W. 2009a. (Bk. Rev.). My Review of a Visionary Guide to Mushroom Magick by Arik Moonhawk Roper with Essays by Daniel Pinchback and Erik Davis and notes from mycologist Gary Lincoff. "Teonanacatl": The International Journal of Psychoactive Mushrooms vol. 29:7-8. August.

Allen, John W. 2013 [2009b]. A Chemical Referral and Reference Guide to the Known Species of Psilocine­ and/or Psilocybine-containing Mushrooms and their Published Analysis and Bluing Reactions: An Updated and Revised List. Ethnomycological Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies Vol. IX(1-2)130-176.
Free Books. Published online in the Free Book Section of the Maps Website at MAPS.ORG.

Allen, John W. 2014. Divine Mushrooms and Fungi. Editor: Beverly Potter. Ronin Publishers, Oakland. 224 Pages. 214 colored photographs and about 10 black and white. November 2014.
This is a good publication on my personal discoveries in the field of ethnomycology, however, the editor at Ronin Publishers failed as I was promised, to edit the final draft which caused damage to the academic value of this publication. There were 186 typos and numerous pixelated photos in the book. The Table of Contents does not link to the chapters described and the Index is also out of order as well. Yet this is a very informative book. A review of Divine Mushrooms and Fungi by Britt Bunyard is posted at http://www.amazon.com/

Allen, John W. 2015. Sexy Sacred 'Shrooms. Ronin Publishers, Oakland, California. 214 Pages. 104 colored images
This book is a short biography of John W. Allen which describes how he became interested in entheogenic plants and their aphrodisiacal effects on humans and animals in erotic tones. This study is a revised version of John W. Allen"s, "Sex, Mushrooms and Rock and Roll." Ethnomycoligical Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. 8:1-65. Winter 2009-2010. It presents a historial hypothesis through text, erotic art, historical images and liberty cap photos and a first-hand personal of his first voyage on 55 liberty cap (i>Psilocybe semilanceata mushrooms in 1970 that led him to where is today.

Allen, John W. (2016). "San Isidro de Labrador, Psilocybe cubensis." Research Gate. 11 Pages. July 27, 2016.
A brief introductory to the use of Psilocybe cubensis as a ludibly used species of psilocybian fungi amongst tourist populations in Mexico and rare use by indigenous peoples. Author's note: In 2015, Dr. Gastón Guzmán of the Instituto de Ecologia in Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico noted that Psilocybe subcubensis is the same species as Psilocybe cubensis. This is the result of recent DNA ITS Sequencing. This chapter was removed from the book Divine Mushrooms and Fungi by the Editor.

Allen, John W. and James Arthur. 2004. Ethnomycology and Distribution of the Psilocybian Mushrooms. In: Metzner, Ralph (Editor, with Diane Conn Darling). Teonanácatl: Sacred Mushroom of Vision. Four Trees Press. Green Earth Foundation. El Verano, California. 297 pages. See pages 49-66.
A concise history of the trail of the ascent of psilocybian consciousness. With some photographs of species and a map of their distribution. Reprinted one year later in 2005 as Sacred Mushrooms of Visions: Teonanácatl. Park Street Press. Rochester, Vermont. Also available as The Ascent and Spread of Psilocybian Consciousness with James Arthur at Mushroom John’s Tales of the Shroom at this URL as: The Ascent and Spread of Psilocybian Consciousness.

Allen, John W. and Jochen Gartz. 1997. Magic Mushrooms in Some Third World Countries: Part I: The symbiosis of entheogenic fungi, illicit drug use, and tourist influence on third world indigenous peoples. Part II: The ethnobotanical distribution, use, and users of entheogenic fungi in Indonesia, South Asia and Southeast Asia. Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. VI:1-52. Psilly Publ. and RaverBooks. Seattle.
This paper is an ethnopharmacological report on the ludibund use of entheogenic mushrooms by tourists in several third world countries including India, Indonesia, and Southeast Asia and some Pacific Island groups. Formerly listed as. Some Recent Notes and Observations on the Occurrence and Use of Entheogenic Fungi in Third World Countries. Also in: Thomas Lyttle, (Ed.). 1999. Psychedelics re imagined. Autonomedia. Brooklyn, New York. Online at both Mushroom John's Tales of the Shrooms and also online and available at http://www.erowid.org.

Allen, John W. and Jochen Gartz. 2001. Psilocybian Mushroom Cultivation: A brief history regarding the contemporary use, cultivation and marketing of psilocybian fungi. Ethnomycological Journals Sacred Mushroom Studies vol. V:1-184. (CD-ROM).
An ethnomycological report on the widespread recreational use of entheogenic fungi and popular history surrounding psilocybian fungi cultivation. 225 photographs of rare cultivation images. 219 Pages. Available for viewing at Psilocybian Mushroom Cultivation. And also available at http://www.erowid.org.

Allen, John W. with Jochen Gartz. 2008 [2001]. Teonanácatl: A Bibliography of Entheogenic Fungi. Psilly Publications and CD-ROM Production. With a forward by Jonathan Ott.
More than 300 psilocybian references, 2306 annotations, more than 1867 photographic images with thumbnails and enlargements and more than 10,000 cross references regarding Amanita and Psilocybian mushrooms citations. With newly revised additional up to date listings and new photographs. Also contains the book, Ancient Shamanic Mushroom Names of Mesoamerica and Other Regions of the World. A Further Suggested Reading list. Also a chapter on "The Worlds Once Largest three magic mushroom farms in the Nederlands.” Winter 2009-2010. ISBN#15821453994.

Allen, John W. and Mark D. Merlin. 1989. Copelandia and other psychoactive fungi in Hawai'i. Newsletter Hawaiian Botanical Society vol. 28(2):27-31.
A brief history of entheogenic fungi in Hawaii. See Merlin and Allen, 1993. Also in: Psychedelic Illuminations vol. 4:61.

Allen, John W. and Mark D. Merlin. 1992a. Psychoactive fungi use in Koh Samui and Koh Pha-Ngan, Thailand. Journal of Ethnopharmacology vol. 35(3):205-228.
A detailed narrative on the study of the recreational use of Psilocybe and Copelandia species among tourists in Thailand. Mushroom Omelettes and distribution of species in Southeast Asia is also noted. Also available at Mushroom John's Tales of the Shrooms at Psychoactive Mushroom use in Koh Samui and Koh Pha-Ngan, Thailand

Allen, John W. and Mark D. Merlin. 1992b. Psychoactive mushrooms in Thailand: Some aspects of their relationship to human use, law and art. Integration: The Journal For Mind Moving Plants and Culture vol. 2-3:98-108.
This paper describes psychoactive mushroom use on Koh Samui Island, dysphoric reactions due to adulterated (LSD-25) fungi, and subsequent laws prohibiting use of such mushrooms, and data on the marketing of handcrafted mushroom motif related items to tourists. 24 photographs. Also available online at Mushroom John's Psilocybe: Tales of the Shrooms at this URL: Psychoactive Mushrooms in Thailand: Some Aspects of Their Relationship to Human Use, Law and Art.

Allen, John W. and Mark D. Merlin. 1992c. Observations regarding the suspected psychoactive properties of Panaeolina foenisecii Maire. In: Christian Rätsch (editor) Yearbook for Ethnomedicine and the Study of Consciousness vol. 1(1):99-115. November.
Several accidental intoxications attributed to Panaeolina foenisecii Maire in adolescent children, teenagers, and the elderly are presented. Available online at Observations regarding the suspected psychoactive properties of Panaeolina foenisecii Maire. This paper was originally included in Allen, Merlin, and Jansen's 1991 paper, An Ethnomycological Review of Psychoactive Agarics in Australia and New Zealand, and was published separately (see below reference for Allen, Merlin & Jansen, 1991).

Allen, John W. and Muraco, Ph.D. 2005. Kratom, The Energetic Thai Opiate. Heads Magazine vol. 5(5):24-26.
Discusses the use and history of Kratom (Thom) in Thailand and the Island of Koh Samui, including use of magic mushrooms with three photographs by John W. Allen of Psilocybe cubensis.

Allen, John W., Gartz, Jochen and Gastón Guzmán. 1992. Index of the known species of the hallucinogenic fungi. Integration: The Journal for Mind Moving Plants and Culture vol. 2-3:91-97.
An Index of the existing literature provides both botanical and chemical references for more than 138 species of mushrooms producing psilocybin and psilocin. See Guzmán, Allen & Gartz,' 2000 study, " A Worldwide Geographical Distribution of the Neurotropic Fungi, An Analysis and Discussion for an up-dated listing of 214 entheogenic mushrooms.

Allen, John W., Gartz, Jochen and Gastón Guzmán. 1997. Mapping the mycelial network: a North American distribution of the psychoactive fungi. TRP The Resonance Project vol. 1(2.15):46-49. December.

Allen, John W., Mark D. Merlin and Karl L. R. Jansen. 1991. An ethnomycological review of psychoactive agarics in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs vol. 23(1):39-69.
A complete history of entheogenic fungi and their use in Australia and New Zealand. Species identification of over 18 varieties of entheogenic fungi from these two countries and 32 case histories of ingestion are presented, as is a section on treatment for psilocybian intoxication.

Allen, John W., Gartz, Jochen, McKenna, Dennis., and Jonathan Ott. 1994.(Video). Mycology, mysticism, mushrooms and magic. Slide presentation of entheogenic mushrooms. Hosted by Victor Cook. Psychedelic Symposium. Chapman University, Orange County, Los Angeles, California. April 28, 1994. Available from Psychedelic Illuminations. 2 hours and 50 minutes.
A slide presentation by Allen and Gartz representing over 60 species of psilocybian fungi. A panel is presented after the slide presentation and then the California Mycological Society offers another slide presentation of edible and poisonous fungi.

Allen, John W., Gartz, Jochen., Sihanonth, Prakitsin and Dan Molter. 2009. The Occurrence, Cultivation, and Chemistry of Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata, a new Bluing Species (Agaricales) from Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Ethnomycological Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies Vol. VIII:66-73. Exotic Forays, Seattle, Washington.
Cultivation and analysis of Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata, a new bluing species from Ohio and Bethany West Virginia is presented. Cultivation of this species was demonstrated on hardwood substrate. Analysis of both caps and stems revealed the presence of psilocybin, in most cases psilocin and always low concentrations of baeocystin. Psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin levels varied in the bluing caps and stems of this new species. The highest concentrations of these alkaloids were found in both naturally grown and cultivated fruiting bodies of Psilocybe ovideocystidiata which, at the present moment is an indigenous species found in Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia.. The relative alkaloidal content of psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin found in Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata from Ohio was similar to that measured in Psilocybe caerulipes by Leung et al.

Allen, John W., Gartz, Jochen., Sihanonth, Prakitsin. and Fulvio Castillo Suarez. 2009. The Occurrence and Detection of Psilocine, Psilocybine and Baeocystine in Psilocybe villarrealiae from Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. Ethnomycological Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies Vol. VIII:74-85. Exotic Forays, Seattle, Washington.
In 1998, Guzmán reported, “11 species of Psilocybe from the state of Jalisco of which 55 are now recognized from Mexico.” In that study, Guzmán described two new species, thus describing a total of 8 neurotropic Psilocybes from the State of Jalisco. Small collections of Psilocybe villarrealiae, were harvested by one of the authors (FCS) in Jalisco for herbarium deposit. Chemical analysis of the collected species was performed; including a scanning electron micrograph of basidiospores of Psilocybe villarrealiae is presented along with a photograph of the species analyzed in this study. This is the first report of the chemical analysis of Psilocybe villarrealiae and of new reported locations.

John W. Allen, Prakitsin Sihanonth, Jochen Gartz and Gianluca Toro. 2013 [2012]. An Ethnopharmacological and Ethnomycological Update on the Occurrence, Use, Cultivation, Chemical Analysis of Neurotropic Fungi from Thailand, Cambodia and other Regions of South and Southeast Asia. Ethnomycological Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies Vol. IX(1-2):1-131. May.
In the continuing studies began by Allen and Merlin in the early 1990s, as well as the recent discoveries of a 2nd bluing Psilocybe from SE Asia (Psilocybe antioquensis) and the presence of Psilocybe samuiensis in Kampuchea (formally Cambodia), the authors of this present study were prompted into presenting an updated report concerning the known species of neurotropic fungi found in certain regions of south and southeast Asia, Oceana and the Pacific Ocean. Previous investigations on the Thai islands of Koh Samui, Koh Pha-Ngan, Phuket and in various locales situated in Orissa, India, Kampuchea, Viet-Nam, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia and Bali, as well as in several tourist resort locations in the Philippine Islands, indicate that three species of psilocybian fungi (Psilocybe cubensis, Psilocybe subcubensis and a complex mixture of several varieties of Copelandia species, consisting primarily of Copelandia cyanescens), are used for ludible purposes amongst foreign tourists vacationing in that region of the world. Includes cultivation, chemical analysis and SEM of SE Asian species of neurotropic fungi (Published as a Free Book online in the Free Book Section of the Maps Website at MAPS.ORG.

Ally. 2006. Psilocybin as medicine in the 21st century. Treating Yourself. Issue 5:64-71. December.
A new magazine devoted to specifically to medical marijuana, publishes several articles on the use of psilocybine in cancer patients and for OCD. 6 photographs by John W. Allen.>

Gartz, Jochen; Allen, John W.; and Mark D. Merlin. 1994. The Ethnomycology, biochemistry, and cultivation of Psilocybe samuiensis Guzmán, Bandala and Allen, sp. nov., a new psychoactive fungi from Thailand. Journal of Ethnopharmacology vol. 43(1):73-80.
A recent ethnomycological study of Psilocybe samuiensis and other psychoactive related species from Koh Samui Island. Mushroom specimens were collected by Thai native peoples and sold for tourist consumption. Included are several studies on the chemical properties of some of these mushrooms and the cultivation of P. samuiensis, P. semilanceata and some related species. In English.

Gloriosis, Shroomius (Pseudo.). 2009.
The Greatest Story Ever Told. Private Limited Edition of 250 Copies only.  For Free Distribution. Ethnomycological Journals: Sacred Mushroom Studies. Vol. 8. 60 pages.
An article subtitled as: Sex, Mushrooms and Rock and Roll by John W. Allen in an exchange of letters which, through Sasha Shulgin and Jochen Gartz, introduce one to another and describe in a lengthy biography how ethnomycologist John W. Allen became interested in magic mushrooms, their euphoric sexual effects and how he came to learn and study drugs and their history, including magic mushrooms throughout his life. 60 pages. Color front and back cover and inside front and back cover, plus 2-sided colored centerfold and numerous illustrations. Also available  on a special private 100 copies limited CD-ROM Edition with full color photographs and graphic shroom art by John W. Allen, Adisron Junlawanno (Mr. Samui) of Chewang, Koh Samui, Thailand, Wipaporn of Nathon Koh Samui. Photos include images of John W. Allen, Jochen Gartz, Sasha Shulgin, Timothy Leary, Terence McKenna, Albert Hofmann and Stanley Krippner.

Guzmán, Gastón., Allen, John W. and Jochen Gartz. 2000. A worldwide geographical distribution of the neurotropic fungi, analysis and discussion. Anali dei Civ. Mus. Rovereto vol. 14:189-270.
An update of Allen, Gartz & Guzman, (1992) check list of the known species of hallucinogenic fungi and their worldwide geographical distribution. Over 214 species are identified as entheogenic. Included in this list are 44 newly identified psilocybian species plus an additional 30 other entheogenic mushrooms containing compounds other than psilocin and psilocybin and not described in their above noted study. More than 450 References are considered.
Italia. In English.


Guzmán, Gastón., Allen, John W. and Prakitsin Sihanonth. 2006. Distribution of the Hallucinogenic Mushroom Psilocybe antioquensis Guzmán et al. (Agaricomycetideae) in Colombia, Mexico and Cambodia. International Journal for Medicinal Mushrooms vol. 8(1):85-89.
Two new records form Mexico and one from Cambodia of the hallucinogenic mushroom, Psilocybe antioquensis, originally known only from Colombia, are discussed. This fungus grows on soil in subtropical meadows, and is defined by its subumbonate pileus, long pseudorhiza, ovate-subrhomboid thick-walled spores, and for their pleuro- and cheilocystidiata. It belongs to section Mexicanae in the genus Psilocybe.

Guzmán, Gastón., Bandala, V. and John W. Allen. 1993. A new bluing Psilocybe from Thailand. Mycotaxon vol. XLVI:155-160. January-March.
The Latin description of Psilocybe samuiensis Guzmán, Bandala and Allen is presented.

Guzmán, Gastón, Allen, John W., Ramirez-Guillén, Florencia,. and Prakitsin Sihanonth. 2007. A New Record of Psilocybe pegleriana in Asia (Basidiomycotina, Agaricales, Strophariaceae) and its Culture in the Laboratory. Australasian Mycologist vol. 25(3):73-76.
Psilocybe pegleriana is for the first time reported from Thailand. It was cultured in the laboratory. This mushroom is a fimicolous pantropical species, that does not stain blue and belongs to section Merdariae.

Merlin, Mark D. and John W. Allen. 1993. Species identification and chemical analysis of psychoactive fungi in the Hawaiian Islands. Journal of Ethnopharmacology vol. 40:21-40. October-December.
Several species of Copelandia and Panaeolus subbalteatus are reported from Hawaii. Chemical analyses of some of the Hawaii species is described. Copelandia bispora, C. cambodgeniensis, Panaeolus goosensieae, and Amanita muscaria are reported for the first time from the Hawaiian archipelago.

Merlin, Mark D. and John W. Allen. 1994. A recent study and survey pertaining to the recreational use of Copelandia species in the Hawaiian Islands. (Unpublished Manuscript).
An ethnopharmacological report and survey on the history and recreational use of Copelandia species in the Hawaiian archipelago is presented in detail. Portions of this study were included in Allen, 1998.

Pornpakakul, Surachai., Suwancharoen, Sunisa., Petsom, Amorn., Roengsumran, Sophon., Muangsin, Nongnuj., Narongsak, Chaichit., Piapukiew, Jittra., Sihanonth, Prakitsin and John W. Allen. 2009. A new sesquiterpenoid metabolite from Psilocybe samuiensis. Journal of Asian Natural Products Research Vol. 11(1):12-17. January.
A novel 2,3,-secoaromadendrane-type sesquiterpenoids, named psilosamuiensis A, was isolated from the broth of Psilocybe samuiensis.



Psilocybe allenii Borovička; Rockefeller and P. G. Werner

Borovička, Jan., Rockefeller, Alan and Peter G. Werner. 2012. Psilocybe allenii - A new bluing species from the Pacific Coast, USA. Czech Mycol. vol. 64(2):181-195. December 7, 2012. (Online Version: ISBN 1805-1421).


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